Mizue Mori
   Department   Kumamoto Health Science University Graduate School  Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Health Sciences
   Kumamoto Health Science University  Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science
   Position   Professor
Language Japanese
Publication Date 2021/01/18
Peer Review Peer reviewed
Title Factors Related to Depression Among People Living with HIV in Yokohama, Japan
Contribution Type
Journal Journal of Japan Society of Nursing Reserch
Journal TypeJapan
Authorship Last author
Details Objective: This study aimed to identify the factors affecting depression among individuals living with HIV
in Yokohama, Japan. Methods: This study adopted a cross-sectional design. Several self-administered
questionnaires were distributed to individuals living with HIV. These questionnaires included the Center for
Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Brief
Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced Inventory, and a sociodemographic data form. Results: A
total of 100 subjects returned completed questionnaires, with an estimated depression rate of 33% among
respondents. In the multivariable logistic regression models, depression was significantly associated with nonregular employment and self-blame coping strategies. Depression was found to be inversely related to social
support. Conclusions: This study found that the role of social support is significant among those experiencing
depression resulting from living with HIV.